Loving Day, June 12

June 12, 2020
Kris Kasianovitz
Image of Loving and Jeter from ACLU Twitter Feed

June 12, 1967 marks the day when the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled in favor of Mildred (Jeter) and Richard Loving, making states’ laws against interracial marriage unconstitutional.  Lawyers from the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) represented the Lovings in the landmark case of Loving v. Virginia, 388 US 1 (1967). The case brought the following question before the court:

"Did Virginia's antimiscegenation law, (the Racial Integrity Act of 1924), violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?" 

This case also helped establish legal precedent for another landmark marriage equality case in 2015, Obergefell v. Hodges, which ruled that the fundamental right to marry is guaranteed to same-sex couples.


Learn more about this landmark case through these selected materials:

Supreme Court Opinion 388 U.S. 1 (1967) from Justia.

Loving v. Virginia, 388 U.S. 1, 87 S. Ct. 1817, 18 L. Ed. 2d 1010, 1967 U.S. LEXIS 1082 (Supreme Court of the United States June 12, 1967, Decided ).

Wallenstein, P., & Mooney, E. K. (2006). Public response to Loving v. Virginia. In M. I. Urofsky (Ed.), The public debate over controversial Supreme Court decisions. Washington, DC: CQ Press. Retrieved from 

Urofsky, M. I. (2004). The Lovings, Loving v. Virginia: Living as man and wife. 100 Americans making constitutional history. Washington, DC: CQ Press. 

"Loving v. Virginia." Oyez, www.oyez.org/cases/1966/395. Accessed 12 Jun. 2020.(listen to a recording of the opinion being read)

 The Loving Story - 2011 HBO Documentary 


Check out an eBook from the Stanford Libraries Collection:

Botham, Fay. 2009. Almighty God created the races: Christianity, interracial marriage, & American law

Cashin, Sheryll. 2017. Loving: interracial intimacy in America and the threat to white supremacy.

Martyn, Byron Curti. 1979. Racism in the United States: a history of the anti-miscegenation legislation and litigation

Moulton, Amber D. 2015. The fight for interracial marriage rights in Antebellum Massachusetts

Newbeck, Phyl. 2004. Virginia hasn't always been for lovers: interracial marriage bans and the case of Richard and Mildred Loving. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.

Papers of the NAACP, Supplement to Part 23: Legal Department Case Files, 1960-1972, Series A: The South, Section II: Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia
SERIES:Group V, Legal Department Case Files: Virginia. FOLDER TITLE:Loving v. Virginia, 1964-1966. 66pp.

Rothman, Joshua D. 2003. Notorious in the neighborhood: sex and families across the color line in Virginia, 1787-1861. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Sollors, Werner. 2000. Interracialism: black-white intermarriage in American history, literature, and law. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Villazor, Rose Cuison, and Kevin Noble Maillard. 2012. Loving v. Virginia in a post-racial world: rethinking race, sex, and marriage. New York: Cambridge University Press

Villet, Grey, Barbara Villet, and Stephen Crowley. 2017. The Lovings: an intimate portrait

Wallenstein, Peter. 2014. Race, sex, and the freedom to marry: Loving v. Virginia. (print only)